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008    190813s2020    nyuabf        001 0 eng d 
020    9780316534673|q(hardcover) 
020    0316534676|q(hardcover) 
040    YDX|beng|erda|cYDX|dBDX|dGK8|dORX|dBYN|dOCLCO|dOEM|dSKYRV
043    a-ja---|ap------ 
082 04 940.5425|223 
092    940.5425|bDAV 
100 1  David, Saul,|d1966-|eauthor. 
245 10 Crucible of hell :|bthe heroism and tragedy of Okinawa, 
       1945 /|cSaul David 
264  1 New York :|bHachette Books,|c2020. 
300    xi, 423 pages, 16 unnumbered leaves of plates :
       |billustrations, maps ;|c24 cm 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    unmediated|bn|2rdamedia 
338    volume|bnc|2rdacarrier 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages 375-402) and 
520    "With Allied forces sweeping across Europe and into 
       Germany in the spring of 1945, one enormous challenge 
       threatened to derail America's audacious drive to win the 
       world back from the Nazis: Japan, the empire that had 
       extended its reach southward across the Pacific and was 
       renowned for the fanaticism and brutality of its fighters,
       who refused to surrender, even when faced with 
       insurmountable odds. Taking down Japan would require an 
       unrelenting attack to break its national spirit, and 
       launching such an attack on the island empire meant 
       building an operations base just off its shores on the 
       island of Okinawa. The amphibious operation to capture 
       Okinawa was the largest of the Pacific War and the 
       greatest air-land-sea battle in history, mobilizing 183,
       000 troops from Seattle, Leyte in the Philippines, and 
       ports around the world. The campaign lasted for 83 blood-
       soaked days, as the fighting plumbed depths of savagery. 
       One veteran, struggling to make sense of what he had 
       witnessed, referred to the fighting as the "crucible of 
       Hell." Okinawan civilians died in the tens of thousands: 
       some were mistaken for soldiers by American troops; but as
       the US Marines spearheading the invasion drove further 
       onto the island and Japanese defeat seemed inevitable, 
       many more civilians took their own lives, some even 
       murdering their own families. In just under three months, 
       the world had changed irrevocably: President Franklin D. 
       Roosevelt died; the war in Europe ended; America's 
       appetite for an invasion of Japan had waned, spurring 
       President Truman to use other means -- ultimately atomic 
       bombs -- to end the war; and more than 250,000 servicemen 
       and civilians on or near the island of Okinawa had lost 
       their lives. Drawing on archival research in the US, Japan,
       and the UK, and the original accounts of those who 
       survived, Crucible of Hell tells the vivid, heart-rending 
       story of the battle that changed not just the course of 
       WWII, but the course of war, forever."--Amazon. 
650  0 World War, 1939-1945|xCampaigns|zJapan|zOkinawa Island. 
650  0 World War, 1939-1945|xCampaigns|zPacific Area. 
650  0 World War, 1939-1945|zJapan. 
651  0 Okinawa Island (Japan)|xHistory. 
Location Call No. Status
 Nichols Adult Nonfiction  940.5425 DAV    AVAILABLE