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Author Lal Kishore, K.

Title Electronic measurements and instrumentation / K. Lal Kishore. [O'Reilly electronic resource]

Imprint Chennai : Pearson, Dorling Kindersley, ©2010.
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Description 1 online resource (1 volume) : illustrations
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Cover -- Brief Contents -- Contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- About the Author -- Chapter 1: Measurements and Instruments -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Terminology -- 1.2.1 Advantages of Instrumentation Systems -- 1.2.2 Block Schematics of Measuring Systems -- 1.2.3 Other Systems -- 1.2.4 Objectives of Measurement -- 1.2.5 Comparison between Analog and Digital Instruments -- 1.2.6 Factors for the Selection of Analog and Digital Equipments -- 1.3 Performance Characteristics -- 1.3.1 Definitions -- 1.4 Significant Figures -- 1.5 Dynamic Characteristics -- 1.6 Types of Errors -- 1.6.1 Gross Errors -- 1.6.2 Systematic Errors -- 1.6.3 Random Errors -- 1.7 Statistical Analysis -- 1.7.1 Probability of Errors and Gaussian Curve -- 1.8 Measurement Standards -- 1.9 Suspension Galvanometer -- 1.10 D'Arsonval Movement -- 1.10.1 Taut-Band Suspension -- 1.10.2 Temperature Compensation -- 1.10.3 Shunt Resistor -- 1.10.4 Ayrton Shunt -- 1.11 Direct Current Meters -- 1.12 D'Arsonval Meter Movement Used in DC Voltmeters -- 1.12.1 Ammeter Loading Effect -- 1.13 DC Voltmeters -- 1.13.1 Multirange Voltmeter -- 1.14 Ohmmeter -- 1.14.1 Series-Type Ohmmeter -- 1.14.2 Shunt-Type Ohmmeter -- 1.14.3 D'Arsonval Meter Movement Used in Ohmmeter -- 1.14.4 Multiple Range Ohmmeters -- 1.14.5 Electrolyte Capacitor Leakage Tests -- 1.14.6 For Non-Electrolyte Capacitors -- 1.15 Multimeter -- 1.16 Alternating Current-Indicating Instruments -- 1.16.1 Electrodynamometer -- 1.17 Rectifier-Type Instruments -- 1.18 Meter Protection -- 1.19 Extension of Range -- 1.20 Frequency Compensation -- 1.21 Electronic Voltmeter (for DC) -- 1.22 Electronic Voltmeter (for AC) -- 1.22.1 Average Reading Voltmeter -- 1.22.2 Peak Reading Voltmeter -- 1.22.3 Peak-To-Peak Detector -- 1.23 DC Meter with Amplifier -- 1.24 Chopper-Stabilised Amplifier -- 1.25 AC Voltmeter using Rectifiers.
1.26 True RMS-Responding Voltmeter -- 1.27 Balanced Bridge Voltmeter (VTVM) -- 1.27.1 Advantages -- 1.27.2 Disadvantages -- 1.28 Transistor Voltmeter (TVM) -- 1.29 Electronic Multimeter -- 1.29.1 Resistance Ranges -- 1.30 AC Current Measurement -- 1.30.1 Differential Voltmeter -- 1.31 Differential Amplifier -- 1.32 Alternating Current Instruments (AC Meters) -- 1.32.1 D'Arsonval Meter Movement for AC Circuit -- 1.32.2 Modified Circuit for AC Measurements -- 1.32.3 D'Arsonval Meter Movement Circuit (FWR) -- 1.33 Electrodynamometer Movement -- 1.33.1 Transfer Instruments -- 1.33.2 Iron Vane-Meter Movement -- 1.34 Thermocouple Meter -- 1.34.1 Constant Voltage Source -- 1.34.2 Constant Current Source -- 1.34.3 Volt Box -- 1.34.4 Factors to be Considered in the Selection of an Analog Voltmeter -- 1.35 Digital Voltmeters -- 1.35.1 General Specifications -- 1.36 Ramp-Type DVM -- 1.37 Staircase Ramp-Type DVM -- 1.38 Dual Slope Integrating-Type DVM -- 1.39 Successive-Approximation Conversion (SAC) -- 1.39.1 Block Schematic -- 1.40 Continuous Balance-Type DVM -- 1.41 Automatic Polarity Indication for DVM -- 1.42 Autoranging for DVM -- 1.42.1 Typical Case -- 1.43 3 3 4 Digit Display -- 1.44 Picoammeter -- 1.44.1 Applications -- 1.45 Low-Current Ammeter Applications -- 1.45.1 Wafer-Level Photodiode Testing -- 1.45.2 Monitoring and Control of Focused Ion Beam Currents -- 1.46 High-Resistance Measurements -- 1.47 Summary -- Points to Remember -- Objective-type Questions -- Review Questions -- Unsolved Problems -- Chapter 2: Waveform Generators -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Considerations in Choosing an Oscillator or Signal Generator -- 2.3 Sine Wave Generator -- 2.4 Oscillator Circuit -- 2.5 Attenuator -- 2.6 Frequency-Synthesised Signal Generator -- 2.7 Sweep-Frequency Generator -- 2.8 Pulse and Square Wave Generator -- 2.9 Function Generator.
2.10 Arbitrary Waveform Generator -- 2.10.1 Applications -- 2.11 Video Signal Generator -- 2.12 Summary -- Points to Remember -- Objective-type Questions -- Review Questions -- Unsolved Problems -- Chapter 3: Signal Analysers -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Wave Analyser -- 3.3 AF Wave Analyser -- 3.4 High-Frequency Wave Analyser -- 3.4.1 Frequency Mixers -- 3.5 Harmonic Distortion -- 3.5.1 Tunable Selective Circuit -- 3.5.2 Disadvantages -- 3.5.3 Heterodyne Wave Analyser (Wavemeter) -- 3.5.4 Fundamental Suppression Method of Distortion Measurement -- 3.6 Heterodyne Wave Analyser -- 3.6.1 Applications of Wave Analysers -- 3.7 Tuned Circuit Harmonic Analyser -- 3.8 Heterodyne Harmonic Analyser or Wavemeter -- 3.9 Fundamental Suppression Harmonic Distortion Analyser -- 3.10 Spectrum Analyser -- 3.10.1 Characteristics of a Spectrum Analyser -- 3.10.2 Applications of a Spectrum Analyser -- 3.10.3 Basic Spectrum Analyser -- 3.10.4 Factors to be Considered in a Spectrum Analyser -- 3.11 Low-Frequency Spectrum Analyser -- 3.11.1 Applications -- 3.12 Power Analyser -- 3.12.1 Communications Signal Analyser -- 3.12.2 Logic Analysers -- 3.12.3 Network Monitoring System -- 3.12.4 System Architecture -- 3.12.5 Features -- 3.12.6 Applications -- 3.13 Capacitance-Voltage Analysers -- 3.14 Oscillators -- 3.14.1 Considerations in Choosing an Oscillator -- 3.15 Summary -- Points to Remember -- Objective-type Questions -- Review Questions -- Unsolved Problems -- Chapter 4: Oscilloscopes -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Cathode Ray Oscilloscope -- 4.3 Block Diagram of a CRO -- 4.4 Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) -- 4.5 Graticules -- 4.6 Electrostatic Deflection Sensitivity -- 4.6.1 Design Criteria -- 4.7 Different Controls in a CRO -- 4.7.1 How to Operate a CRO -- 4.8 Time Base Generators -- 4.8.1 Time Base Circuits -- 4.9 Triggered Mode -- 4.9.1 Free-Running Mode.
4.9.2 Synchronisation of the Sweep Circuit -- 4.9.3 Types of CROS -- 4.9.4 Sections of CRTs -- 4.9.5 Deflection Sensitivity Equation -- 4.10 Neon Time Base Circuit -- 4.10.1 Frequency of Neon Time Base -- 4.10.2 Neon Lamp -- 4.10.3 Free-Running Mode of CRO -- 4.10.4 Using CRO in Triggered Mode -- 4.10.5 Automode of Sweep -- 4.10.6 Normal Mode -- 4.11 Time Base Circuit for a General-Purpose CRO -- 4.11.1 Synchronisation Issues -- 4.11.2 Line Synchronisation -- 4.12 Lissajous Figures -- 4.13 Types of CRO Probes -- 4.13.1 Direct Probe -- 4.13.2 High-Impedance Probe -- 4.13.3 Detector Probe -- 4.13.4 High-Voltage Probe -- 4.14 High-Frequency CRO Considerations -- 4.15 Delay Lines in CROs -- 4.15.1 Lumped Parameter Delay Line -- 4.15.2 Distributed Parameter Delay Line -- 4.16 Applications of CRO -- 4.17 Summary -- Points to Remember -- Objective-type Questions -- Review Questions -- Unsolved Problems -- Chapter 5: Special Types of CROs -- 5.1 Special Types of Oscilloscopes -- 5.2 Dual Beam CRO -- 5.3 Dual Trace CRO -- 5.4 Sampling Oscilloscope -- 5.4.1 Sampling Oscilloscopes -- Vertical and Time Base -- 5.4.2 Sampling Vertical -- 5.4.3 Sampling Time Base -- 5.5 Storage Oscilloscopes -- 5.5.1 Mesh Storage -- 5.5.2 Variable Persistence -- 5.5.3 Phosphor Storage -- 5.5.4 Phosphor Characteristics -- 5.5.5 Persistence of Phosphor Materials -- 5.5.6 CRO Subsystems -- 5.6 Digital Storage CRO -- 5.6.1 CRO Probes -- 5.7 Frequency/Period-Timer/Counter Circuit -- 5.8 Frequency Measurement -- 5.9 Period Measurement -- 5.9.1 Advantages -- 5.10 Errors in Frequency/Period Measurements -- 5.10.1 Errors Because of Crystal Stability -- 5.11 Universal Counters -- 5.12 Extending the Range of Frequency Counters -- 5.13 Glossary -- 5.14 The ABC's of Oscilloscopes -- 5.15 Summary -- Points to Remember -- Objective-type Questions -- Review Questions -- Unsolved Problems.
Chapter 6: DC and AC Bridges -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 DC Bridges -- 6.3 Wheatstone Bridge -- 6.3.1 Operation -- 6.3.2 Measurement Errors -- 6.3.3 Thevenin's Equivalent Circuit -- 6.4 Kelvin Bridge -- 6.4.1 Kelvin Double Bridge -- 6.4.2 Applications -- 6.5 Strain Gauge Bridge Circuit -- 6.6 AC Bridges -- 6.6.1 General Form of Bridge Circuit -- 6.7 Maxwell Bridge -- 6.7.1 Phasor Diagram for the Maxwell Bridge -- 6.8 Hay Bridge -- 6.8.1 Phasor Diagram for Hay Bridge -- 6.9 Schering Bridge -- 6.9.1 Phasor Diagram for a Schering Bridge -- 6.10 Wien Bridge -- 6.10.1 Phasor Diagram for the Wien Bridge -- 6.11 Anderson Bridge -- 6.12 Resonance Bridge -- 6.13 Similar Angle Bridge -- 6.14 Radio Frequency Bridge (Subtitution Technique) -- 6.15 Wagner's Ground Connection -- 6.16 Twin-T Null Network -- 6.17 Bridged-T Network -- 6.18 Detectors for AC Bridges -- 6.19 Phasor Diagrams -- 6.20 Recorders -- 6.20.1 Introduction -- 6.21 Strip-Chart Recorders -- 6.21.1 Galvanometric Recorders -- 6.21.2 Sensitivity -- 6.21.3 Transient Response -- 6.22 Pen-Driving Mechanism -- 6.23 Other Features -- 6.24 Servorecorders -- 6.25 Servobalancing Potentiometric Recorder -- 6.26 Characteristics of Typical Servorecorders -- 6.27 Oscillographic Recorders -- 6.28 Magnetic Tape Recorders -- 6.28.1 Direct AM Recording -- 6.28.2 Frequency Modulation Recording -- 6.29 Recorders (Contd.) -- 6.29.1 X-Y Recorders -- 6.29.2 Self-Balancing Potentiometers -- 6.29.3 Working of a Servotype Motor -- 6.29.4 Chopper -- 6.29.5 Servotype X-Y Recorders -- 6.29.6 Y-Scale -- 6.30 Galvonometer Oscillographs -- 6.30.1 Applications -- 6.31 Summary -- Points to Remember -- Objective-type Questions -- Review Questions -- Unsolved Problems -- Chapter 7: Transducers -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.1.1 Examples -- 7.2 Classification of Transducers -- 7.3 Active and Passive Transducers.
Summary Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation provides a comprehensive blend of the theoretical and practical aspects of electronic measurements and instrumentation. It provides a comprehensive coverage of each topic in the syllabus with a special fo.
Subject Electronic measurements.
Electronic instruments.
Mesures électroniques.
Appareils électroniques.
Electronic instruments
Electronic measurements
ISBN 9788131775011
8131775011
813172199X
9788131721995
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